3rd floor, Queensway House, Kaunda Street

+254 706544580

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+254 722403340/+254 722722043

Opening Hours

Mon - Fri 8:30 AM - 6PM, Sat 9AM - 5PM

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Your perfect smile is a click away!

Book Appointment
Opening Hours

Mon - Fri 8:30 AM - 6PM, Sat 9AM - 5PM

Book Appointment
Book Appointment

Your perfect smile is a click away!

Common Dental Problems and Their Solutions

Dental problems are quite common and can range from minor issues to more serious conditions. Here are some common dental problems that our patients encounter and the solutions we offer at Gentle Dental Care Clinic:
1. Tooth decay: Tooth decay, also known as cavities or dental caries, occurs when bacteria in the mouth produce acids that erode the tooth enamel. Dr. Jane will outline several potential solutions, tailored to the patient’s unique needs and circumstances. She will make sure to consider the severity of the decay, the patient’s oral health history, and any specific concerns the patient might have.
Tooth decay Solutions:
• The first option Dr. Jane presents is a dental filling. This procedure involves removing the decayed portion of the tooth and filling the resulting cavity with a tooth-colored composite material. This approach would restore the tooth’s functionality, prevent further decay, and provide a natural appearance.
• If the tooth decay has progressed to a more advanced stage, a crown could be a suitable solution. This involves placing a custom-made cap over the affected tooth to restore its shape, strength, and appearance. Dr. Jane reassures the patients that modern dental crowns are made from high-quality materials that closely resemble natural teeth.
• In cases where the decay has reached the tooth’s pulp, Dr. Jane recommends the possibility of a root canal treatment. A root canal involves removing the infected pulp, cleaning and disinfecting the tooth’s interior, and sealing it to prevent further infection. By saving the natural tooth structure, a root canal would eliminate the need for extraction and allow for a more permanent solution.

By following these guidelines and establishing healthy oral care habits from an early age, parents can give their children the gift of a beautiful smile and a lifetime of good oral health. Remember, regular dental care and parental supports are the building blocks for a lifetime of healthy teeth and gums.

2. Gum disease: Gum disease occurs when bacteria accumulate in the mouth, leading to inflammation and infection of the gum tissues. If left untreated, it can progress and cause damage to the supporting structures of the teeth, leading to tooth loss. However, we have several treatment options that can help you combat this condition.

Dr. Jane recommends various solutions available, tailoring to suit the patient’s specific needs:

  • Scaling and Root Planing: This non-surgical procedure, often referred to as a deep cleaning, is typically the first line of treatment for gum disease. Using specialized tools, the dentist removes the plaque and tartar buildup from above and below the gum line. Then, they smooth out the rough areas on the tooth roots, promoting the reattachment of the gums to the teeth and preventing further bacterial growth.
  • Antibacterial Mouth Rinse: Alongside scaling and root planing, Dr. Jane suggests using an antibacterial mouth rinse. These rinses contain ingredients that can help kill the bacteria responsible for gum disease, reducing inflammation and promoting healing.
  • Prescription Antibiotics: In some cases, Dr. Jane might prescribe oral antibiotics to control the infection and help eliminate the bacteria causing gum disease. These medications are typically used in conjunction with other treatments to enhance their effectiveness.
  • Surgical Intervention: In more advanced cases, where gum disease has caused significant damage, surgical procedures may be necessary. Dr. Jane will discuss with the patient options such as flap surgery, in which the gums are lifted to access and clean the tooth roots, or bone and tissue grafts, which help regenerate lost bone and gum tissue.

3. Tooth sensitivity: Tooth sensitivity can manifest as a sharp, fleeting pain or a persistent ache triggered by various factors such as hot or cold food and beverages, sweet or acidic substances, or even cold air. Tooth sensitivity is a common issue that affects many people. It occurs when the protective layer of enamel on the teeth wears down or when the gums recede, exposing the sensitive underlying layer called dentin. At Gentle Dental Care Clinic we assure the patients that there are effective solutions to alleviate and manage the problem.

  • First and foremost, the dentist emphasizes the importance of maintaining good oral hygiene. She advises the patient to brush his/her teeth gently using a soft-bristled toothbrush and toothpaste specifically formulated for sensitive teeth. These toothpastes often contain ingredients such as potassium nitrate or stannous fluoride, which help to desensitize the nerves in the teeth.
  • Jane also recommended using a fluoride mouthwash to strengthen the enamel and provide additional protection against sensitivity. She emphasized the significance of regular flossing to remove plaque and prevent gum disease, which could contribute to tooth sensitivity.
  • In addition to these oral hygiene practices, it is advisable for patients to avoid or limit consumption of acidic and sugary foods and beverages, as these can erode enamel and worsen sensitivity.

4. Tooth erosion: Tooth erosion can be caused by various factors such as acidic foods and beverages, acid reflux, certain medications, or even excessive brushing. It’s important to address this issue to prevent further damage to your teeth. Dr. Jane urges that the primary goal of treatment would be to protect the existing tooth structure, prevent further erosion, and restore the affected teeth. She outlines the following potential solutions for our patients tooth erosion problem:

  • Dietary and Lifestyle Adjustments: Dr. Jane emphasizes the importance of minimizing the intake of acidic foods and beverages such as carbonated drinks, citrus fruits, and juices. She recommends rinsing the mouth with water after consuming acidic substances and using a straw to reduce direct contact with the teeth. Additionally, she advised the patients to avoid brushing immediately after consuming acidic foods or beverages, as this can further wear down the enamel.
  • Dental Restorations: In cases where tooth erosion has caused significant damage, Dr. Jane explains that dental restorations may be necessary. Options such as dental bonding, which involves applying a tooth-colored resin to the affected tooth surfaces to restore their shape and protect them from further erosion. Dental veneers, thin porcelain shells that cover the front surface of the teeth, are another potential solution for more extensive tooth damage.
  • Management of Underlying Causes: The importance of identifying and addressing any underlying causes contributing to tooth erosion. If patients have issues like acid reflux or are taking medications that might affect saliva production or acidity, Dr. Jane would collaborate with the patient’s primary care physician or specialist to manage those conditions effectively. She also reassures patients that together they would formulate a personalized treatment plan tailored to their specific needs.

5. Bad breath: Bad breath, or halitosis, can have various causes, and it’s important to identify the underlying issue to provide an effective solution. Dr. Jane will start by examining your oral health and discussing possible solutions. It’s great that the patient maintains a regular oral hygiene routine. However, bad breath can often be caused by factors beyond just oral hygiene. During the examination, the doctor will check for any signs of gum disease, tooth decay, or other dental issues that could contribute to the problem.

While dental problems are common culprits, bad breath can also stem from other factors. For example, dry mouth can contribute to halitosis. Certain medications, breathing through the mouth or even systemic health issues can lead to reduced saliva production and dry mouth. In such cases, we can explore ways to alleviate the dryness and improve saliva flow.

If dry mouth is identified as a contributing factor to your bad breath, we can recommend several solutions. Firstly, staying hydrated throughout the day by drinking plenty of water can help combat dry mouth. Chewing sugar-free gum or sucking on sugar-free candies can also stimulate saliva production. In some cases, a prescription or over-the-counter artificial saliva substitute may be recommended to provide relief. Additionally, using a humidifier at night or while working in dry environments can help keep the air moist and reduce dry mouth symptoms.

If dry mouth isn’t the primary cause, we’ll continue investigating other possibilities. For instance, if we suspect that your bad breath stems from an underlying health issue, we may refer you to a medical professional for further evaluation. They can help identify and address any systemic conditions that may contribute to halitosis.

While we’re working on identifying and addressing the root cause, there are steps you can take to manage the symptoms. Continuing to maintain excellent oral hygiene is crucial. Brush your teeth at least twice a day, focusing on your tongue and the roof of your mouth as well. Regular flossing and using an antimicrobial mouthwash can also help combat bacteria that contribute to bad breath.

6. Tooth loss: Tooth loss can occur due to tooth decay, gum disease, trauma, or aging. Solutions for replacing missing teeth include dental implants, bridges, and dentures. The most suitable option depends on factors such as the number of missing teeth, the condition of the surrounding teeth and gums. At Gentle Dental, we offer the solutions as per the patient’s preference.

  • Dental Implants are one of the most reliable and long-lasting solutions for tooth loss. The procedure, involves surgically placing titanium posts into the jawbone to serve as artificial tooth roots. Once the implants integrate with the bone, customized crowns are attached, providing natural-looking and functional replacement teeth.
  • Dental Bridges are an alternative option, especially when multiple adjacent teeth are missing. She explained that bridges consist of one or more artificial teeth anchored by dental crowns placed on the neighboring healthy teeth. Dental bridges can effectively restore the appearance and functionality of missing teeth, helping maintain proper oral health.
  • Dentures are a solution for extensive tooth loss. They come in two types: complete dentures for patients missing all teeth in an arch and partial dentures for those missing several teeth. The dentist highlighted the importance of well-fitting dentures, which can improve speech, chewing ability, and facial appearance.

7. Teeth grinding (bruxism): Teeth grinding, or bruxism, can be caused by a variety of factors, such as stress, anxiety, misaligned teeth, or even certain sleep disorders. It’s essential to address this issue to prevent further damage to your teeth and jaw.

Dr. Jane begins by explaining that the first step in managing teeth grinding is to identify the underlying cause. She could engage the patient with a series of questions to better understand his/her lifestyle, stress levels, and any other potential triggers that could contribute to bruxism. This comprehensive evaluation allows her to tailor her approach to the patient’s specific needs.

Based on the examination done, the doctor can develop a treatment plan that will effectively address your teeth grinding problem, one of the primary goals is to protect your teeth from further damage and alleviate any associated discomfort.

To protect the patient’s teeth, the doctor might propose a custom-made mouthguard, also known as a nightguard or occlusal splint. A nightguard is a removable appliance worn during sleep to prevent the grinding and clenching of teeth. This device serves as a cushion, absorbing the forces exerted by the jaws and preventing the teeth from coming into direct contact, thus reducing the risk of tooth wear and jaw muscle strain.

The nightguard will provide a physical barrier between your upper and lower teeth, ensuring that they do not grind against each other; it’s a simple yet effective solution that can significantly reduce the damage caused by bruxism.

Dr. Jane emphasizes the importance of proper care and maintenance for the nightguard, instructing the patient on how to clean it and how frequently it should be worn. She also highlights the need for regular follow-up appointments to evaluate the effectiveness of the treatment and make any necessary adjustments.

8. Oral infections: Oral infections can manifest as tooth abscesses, gum abscesses, or oral thrush (a fungal infection). Treatment may involve draining the abscess, prescribing antibiotics or antifungal medications, improving oral hygiene practices, and addressing any contributing factors like poor nutrition or a weakened immune system.

By providing a comprehensive explanation of the available solutions, Dr. Jane ensures that the patient feels informed and empowered to make the best decision for her oral health. With her expertise and patient-centered approach, she instills confidence and reassurance that the oral infection problem could be effectively addressed.

“Together, we can address your oral infection problem and work towards restoring your oral health and overall well-being.”

It’s important to remember that these are general solutions, and the appropriate treatment for a specific dental problem may vary depending on the severity and individual circumstances. Regular dental check-ups and maintaining good oral hygiene practices are crucial for preventing dental problems and addressing them at an early stage. If you have any specific concerns, it’s best to consult Gentle Dental Care Clinic for a proper diagnosis and tailored treatment plan.

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